Knee

Knee Problems / Conditions

One of the largest and most complex structures in your body is the knee joint and it is incredibly important for normal everyday function - as well as high-level physical activity. Bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage work together in your knee joint to provide stability, function and range of motion. With so many components involved, there are many ways in which an injury or damage can occur.

Every day you expose your knee to any number of different strains - i.e. climbing stairs, skiing, running or playing football - our knees are particularly stressed. Injuries to the knee are often painful and protracted. Our Consultant Knee Specialists at Schoen Clinic London are experts in the prevention of injury, leaders in the treatment of all knee conditions and pioneers of leading-edge treatment and rapid recovery. Whatever your knee condition may be, we will find the best treatment for you.

Anatomy of the Knee

The main components of your knees are bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. The knees are your body’s largest joint – and their design, location, and role, as well as other factors, mean they are susceptible to injury.

The basic anatomy of the knee includes:

  • Bones – The knee joint is formed by three bones, including the femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone), and patella (kneecap).
  • Meniscus – There are two menisci in each of your knees. A meniscus is a wedge-shaped piece of rubbery, tough cartilage. They act as cushions, stabilisers, and shock absorbers.
  • Articular cartilage – The back of the patella, as well as the ends of the tibia and femur, are protected by articular cartilage. The white, slippery tissue acts as a lubricant and cushion so that your knee bones can move smoothly against each other without causing damage when you bend or straighten your knee.
  • Ligaments – Four main ligaments connect the bones of your knee joint. They include the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL) outside of the joint, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL) inside the joint. The ACL and PCL control your knee’s back and forth motion, and the MCL and LCL control the knee’s sideways motion and help it withstand unusual movement.
  • Tendons – There are various tendons in your knee joint. Two of the most important are the patellar tendon, which connects the patella to the tibia, and the quadriceps tendon, which connects your patella to the muscles in the front of your thigh.

Common Knee Injuries

  • ACL injuries, knee osteoarthritis, and meniscal injuries are some of the knee problems we treat at Schoen Clinic London.
  • ALC injury – High-demand sports such as football, rugby and basketball are one of the most common causes of ACL injuries. You can injure the ligament by jumping incorrectly or by suddenly changing direction while your foot’s firm on the ground. ACL injuries commonly are part of a larger injury that also includes other ligaments, cartilage, or other tissue.
  • Knee osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is associated with ageing, so it is more prevalent in middle-aged and older people. Being overweight and repeated knee injuries also can cause osteoarthritis. The condition is the gradual wearing away of the cartilage in the knee joint.
  • Meniscal injuries – Also relatively common among people who play sport, meniscal injuries usually are tears in one or more menisci. You can tear a meniscus when twisting or pivoting, and it can happen when you are tackled. Ageing and arthritis also can lead to meniscal injuries.

Some of the most common diagnostics, treatments and procedures carried out by our Knee Specialists at Schoen Clinic London include;

Accessing our experts at Schoen Clinic London is easy with initial private appointments available in as little as 24 hours. We are recognised by all health insurers or you can simply pay-as-you-go for treatment. Contact us today by calling 0203 929 1086 or by emailing us.

Our specialised hospital for all knee conditions

Our Consultant Knee Specialists have a wealth of experience in the treatment of knee problems. They are available at Schoen Clinic Orthopaedic & Spinal Hospital London, our UK centre of excellence. We have an outstanding Multidisciplinary Team of Knee Surgeons and Clinicians providing relief from painful knee conditions on a daily basis. We implement effective prevention measures and conservative pain management, to world-class reconstructive surgery and rapid recovery and aftercare. Every aspect of your journey with us will be perfectly planned and expertly managed to give you the best possible outcome.

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